BACKGROUND: During the lifetime of a fermenter culture, the soil bacterium S. coelicolor undergoes a major metabolic switch from exponential growth to antibiotic production. We have studied gene expression patterns during this switch, using a specifically designed Affymetrix genechip and a high-resolution time-series of fermenter-grown samples. RESULTS: Surprisingly, we find that the metabolic switch actually consists of multiple finely orchestrated switching events. Strongly coherent clusters of genes show drastic changes in gene expression already many hours before the classically defined transition phase where the switch from primary to secondary metabolism was expected. The main switch in gene expression takes only 2 hours, and changes in antibiotic biosynthesis genes are delayed relative to the metabolic rearrangements. Furthermore, global variation in morphogenesis genes indicates an involvement of cell differentiation pathways in the decision phase leading up to the commitment to antibiotic biosynthesis. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides the first detailed insights into the complex sequence of early regulatory events during and preceding the major metabolic switch in S. coelicolor, which will form the starting point for future attempts at engineering antibiotic production in a biotechnological setting.
PubMed ID: 20053288
Journal: BMC Genomics
Date Published: 28th May 2009
Authors: Kay Nieselt, Florian Battke, Alexander Herbig, Per Bruheim, Alexander Wentzel, Øyvind Jakobsen, Håvard Sletta, M. Tauqeer Alam, Maria Elena Merlo, Jay Moore, Walid Omara, Edward R Morrissey, Miguel A Juarez-Hermosillo, Antonio Rodríguez-García, Merle Nentwich, Louise Thomas, Mudassar Iqbal, Roxane Legaie, William Gaze, Gregory Challis, R Jansen, Lubbert Dijkhuizen, David Rand, David Wild, Michael Bonin, Jens Reuther, Wolfgang Wohlleben, Maggie Smith, Nigel Burroughs, Juan-Francisco Martin, David Hodgson, Eriko Takano, Rainer Breitling, Trond Ellingsen, Elizabeth Wellington
Created: 26th May 2010 at 15:21
Roles: Project Coordinator
Expertise: genetic engineering, Streptomyces, Protein-DNA-interaction, Microarray experiments with prokaryotes, Molecular microbiology, bacterial gene regulation, regulation of gene expression, Transcriptomics, Microbiology
Tools: transcription analysis, analysis of functional genomics data, microbiology techniques, reporter gene analyses, site-directed and random mutagenesis, Mutant and Strain Construction, Molecular biology techniques (RNA/DNA/Protein), Bioconductor Packages in R, Northern analyses), Chip-chip, PCR, Microarray analysis, Transcriptomics, Genetic modification, Microbiology
Global metabolic switching in Streptomyces coelicolor
Antibiotics are made during the second phase of growth when there is a transition in metabolism from primary to secondary metabolism. Primary metabolism is growth related and involves all the normal cellular activities associated with cell growth and division. Whereas secondary metabolism is non-growth linked and is non-essential but many important activities occur during this phase which help the bacterium survive.
Public web page: https://www.wsbc.warwick.ac.uk/groups/sysmopublic/
Organisms: Streptomyces coelicolor
Creators: Jay Moore, Juan-Francisco Martin, Antonio Rodríguez-García, Trond Ellingsen, Øyvind Jakobsen, Per Bruheim, Håvard Sletta, Anders Øverby, Sven Even Borgos, Sunniva Hoel, Alexander Wentzel, Maggie Smith, Louise Thomas, Eriko Takano, Lubbert Dijkhuizen, Rainer Breitling, M. Tauqeer Alam, Anthony Palathingal, R Jansen, Maria Elena Merlo, Morris Swertz, Preben Krabben, Kay Nieselt, Wolfgang Wohlleben, Jens Reuther, David Hodgson, David Rand, David Wild, Elizabeth Wellington, Gregory Challis, Nigel Burroughs, Walid Omara, William Gaze, Brent Kiernan, Roxane Legaie
Contributor: Jay Moore
Investigations: Metabolism of Streptomyces coelicolor (SysMO ST...
Studies: Timeseries 1