Indole is produced in nature by diverse organisms and exhibits a characteristic odor described as animal, fecal, and floral. In addition, it contributes to the flavor in foods, and it is applied in the fragrance and flavor industry. In nature, indole is synthesized either from tryptophan by bacterial tryptophanases (TNAs) or from indole-3-glycerol phosphate (IGP) by plant indole-3-glycerol phosphate lyases (IGLs). While it is widely accepted that the tryptophan synthase α-subunit (TSA) has intrinsically low IGL activity in the absence of the tryptophan synthase β-subunit, in this study, we show that Corynebacterium glutamicum TSA functions as a bona fide IGL and can support fermentative indole production in strains providing IGP. By bioprospecting additional bacterial TSAs and plant IGLs that function as bona fide IGLs were identified. Capturing indole in an overlay enabled indole production to titers of about 0.7 g L-1 in fermentations using C. glutamicum strains expressing either the endogenous TSA gene or the IGL gene from wheat.
Publication type: Journal
Journal: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Citation: J. Agric. Food Chem. 70(18):5634-5645
Date Published: 11th May 2022
Registered Mode: by DOI
Created: 14th Sep 2022 at 13:01
Last updated: 14th Sep 2022 at 13:06