A constructed lactate dehydrogenase-negative mutant of Enterococcus faecalis V583 grows at the same rate as the wild type, but ferments glucose to ethanol, formate, and acetoin. Microrray analysis showed that LDH deficiency had profound transcriptional effects, 43 genes in the mutant were found to be upregulated and 45 to be downregulated. Most of the upregulated genes encode enzymes of energy metabolism or transport. By 2D gel analysis 45 differentially expressed proteins were identified. A comparison of transcriptomic and proteomic data suggests that for several proteins the level of expression is regulated beyond the level of transcription. Pyruvate catabolic genes, including the truncated ldh, showed highly increased transcription in the mutant. These genes, along with a number of other differentially expressed genes, are preceded by sequences with homology to binding sites for the global redox-sensing repressor, Rex, of Staphylococcus aureus. The data indicate that the genes are transcriptionally regulated by the NADH/NAD ratio and that this ratio plays an important role in the regulatory network controlling energy metabolism in E. faecalis.
PubMed ID: 21296946
Publication type: Not specified
Date Published: 8th Feb 2011
Registered Mode: Not specified
Created: 14th Feb 2011 at 07:22