The PI3K and MAPK/p38 pathways control stress granule assembly in a hierarchical manner

Abstract:

All cells and organisms exhibit stress-coping mechanisms to ensure survival. Cytoplasmic protein-RNA assemblies termed stress granules are increasingly recognized to promote cellular survival under stress. Thus, they might represent tumor vulnerabilities that are currently poorly explored. The translationinhibitory eIF2α kinases are established as main drivers of stress granule assembly. Using a systems approach, we identify the translation enhancers PI3K and MAPK/p38 as pro-stressgranule- kinases. They act through the metabolic master regulator mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) to promote stress granule assembly.When highly active, PI3K is the main driver of stress granules; however, the impact of p38 becomes apparent as PI3K activity declines. PI3K and p38 thus act in a hierarchical manner to drive mTORC1 activity and stress granule assembly. Of note, this signaling hierarchy is also present in human breast cancer tissue. Importantly, only the recognition of the PI3K-p38 hierarchy under stress enabled the discovery of p38’s role in stress granule formation. In summary, we assign a new prosurvival function to the key oncogenic kinases PI3K and p38, as they hierarchically promote stress granule formation.

SEEK ID: https://fairdomhub.org/publications/434

DOI: 10.26508/lsa.201800257

Projects: MESI-STRAT

Publication type: Not specified

Journal: Life Sci. Alliance

Citation: Life Sci. Alliance 2(2) : e201800257

Date Published: 28th Mar 2019

Registered Mode: Not specified

Authors: Alexander Martin Heberle, Patricia Razquin Navas, Miriam Langelaar-Makkinje, Katharina Kasack, Ahmed Sadik, Erik Faessler, Udo Hahn, Philip Marx-Stoelting, Christiane A Opitz, Christine Sers, Ines Heiland, Sascha Schäuble, Kathrin Thedieck

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Heberle, A. M., Razquin Navas, P., Langelaar-Makkinje, M., Kasack, K., Sadik, A., Faessler, E., Hahn, U., Marx-Stoelting, P., Opitz, C. A., Sers, C., Heiland, I., Schäuble, S., & Thedieck, K. (2019). The PI3K and MAPK/p38 pathways control stress granule assembly in a hierarchical manner. In Life Science Alliance (Vol. 2, Issue 2, p. e201800257). Life Science Alliance, LLC. https://doi.org/10.26508/lsa.201800257
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Created: 19th Nov 2019 at 19:09

Last updated: 19th Nov 2019 at 19:11

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