ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: With increased experimental availability and accuracy of bio-molecular networks, tools for their comparative and evolutionary analysis are needed. A key component for such studies is the alignment of networks. RESULTS: We introduce the Bioconductor package GraphAlignment for pairwise alignment of bio-molecular networks. The alignment incorporates information both from network vertices and network edges and is based on an explicit evolutionary model, allowing inference of all scoring parameters directly from empirical data. We compare the performance of our algorithm to an alternative algorithm, Graemlin 2.0.On simulated data, GraphAlignment outperforms Graemlin 2.0 in several benchmarks except for computational complexity. When there is little or no noise in the data, GraphAlignment is slower than Graemlin 2.0. It is faster than Graemlin 2.0 when processing noisy data containing spurious vertex associations. Its typical case complexity grows approximately as O(N^2.6). On empirical bacterial protein-protein interaction networks (PIN) and gene co-expression networks, GraphAlignment outperforms Graemlin 2.0 with respect to coverage and specificity, albeit by a small margin. On large eukaryotic PIN, Graemlin 2.0 outperforms GraphAlignment. CONCLUSIONS: The GraphAlignment algorithm is robust to spurious vertex associations, correctly resolves paralogs, and shows very good performance in identification of homologous vertices defined by high vertex and/or interaction similarity.
PubMed ID: 23171476
Publication type: Not specified
Journal: BMC Syst Biol
Date Published: 21st Nov 2012
Registered Mode: Not specified
Created: 18th Dec 2012 at 18:06
Last updated: 18th Dec 2012 at 18:06