Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) Tumor Suppressor research programme

Inactivation of the VHL tumor suppressor gene is linked to the development of several different tumor types in humans, including hemangioblastomas of the retina and central nervous system, clear cell renal carcinoma, pancreatic cysts, pheochromocytoma. Biochemical studies revealed that pVHL interacts with several different proteins serving as a multipurpose adaptor protein that engages in multiple protein-protein interactions to control diverse transcriptional-dependent and transcriptional-independent cellular processes. Most studies aimed at elucidating pVHL function have focused on the identification and functional analysis of interacting proteins. A list of over 500 interactors is present in the VHLdb database (http://vhldb.bio.unipd.it/) and for a number of these the pVHL interacting regions have been identified. Using structural information we have proposed at least four distinct pVHL interacting interfaces that allowed us to validate interactions that have been found experimentally in a complex, to predict new protein interactions, to determine which interactions are compatible with each other and which interactions are exclusive. We can speculate that the alteration of a particular pVHL interface affects, in different time and space, specific modules of the global interactions network created with experimentally identified pVHL interactors. The study of the functional effect of mutations related to a specific interface in the context of a sub-network would allow to understand at least partially how the loss of pVHL function affects the cell phenotype. It also provides a more rational basis for deciding how to interfere with a pathway in order to study it or to treat a particular disease.

Web page: https://protein.bio.unipd.it/research

Funding codes:
  • AIRC IG 2019 cod. 23825
  • AIRC IG 2015 cod. 17753
  • AIRC MFAG 2012 cod. 12740
  • AIRC-FIRC cod. 16621
  • AIRC-FIRC cod. 12673
  • AIRC-FIRC cod. 18076
Funding details:

This research programme is/was founded by:
- AIRC IG 2019 cod. 23825 - Towards a mechanistic understanding of von Hippel-Lindau syndrome in different tissues
- AIRC IG 2015 cod. 17753 - Functions of the two asymmetric von Hippel-Lindau tumor (VHL) suppressor isoforms and their involvement in renal cancer
- AIRC MFAG 2012 cod. 12740 - Connecting the dots in the von Hippel-lindau tumor suppressor interaction network
- AIRC-FIRC Research Fellowship cod. 16621 to DP
- AIRC-FIRC Research Fellowship cod. 12673 to GM
- AIRC-FIRC Research Fellowship cod. 18076 to FT

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