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bioRxiv preprint 2017 Plants respond to seasonal cues such as the photoperiod, to adapt to current conditions and to prepare for environmental changes in the season to come. To assess photoperiodic … responses at the protein level, we quantified the proteome of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana by mass spectrometry across four photoperiods. This revealed coordinated changes of abundance in proteins of photosynthesis, primary and secondary metabolism, including pigment biosynthesis, consistent with higher metabolic activity in long photoperiods. Higher translation rates in the day time than the night likely contribute to these changes via rhythmic changes in RNA abundance. Photoperiodic control of protein levels might be greatest only if high translation rates coincide with high transcript levels in some photoperiods. We term this proposed mechanism ‘translational coincidence’, mathematically model its components, and demonstrate its effect on the Arabidopsis proteome. Datasets from a green alga and a cyanobacterium suggest that translational coincidence contributes to seasonal control of the proteome in many phototrophic organisms. This may explain why many transcripts but not their cognate proteins exhibit diurnal rhythms.
Authors: Daniel Seaton, Alexander Graf, Katja Baerenfaller, Mark Stitt, Andrew Millar, Wilhelm Gruissem
Date Published: No date defined
Publication Type: Not specified
Citation: Photoperiodic control of the Arabidopsis proteome reveals a translational coincidence mechanism
Created: 16th Nov 2017 at 13:06, Last updated: 8th Dec 2022 at 18:26